Today I talk to you about regional wine or IGP wine (Protected Geographical Indication). These designations on a wine's label indicate more than just the region where that wine was produced.
They guarantee the origin of that wine.
The terms regional wine or IGP wine are related to the regulation of control of these wines that are "above" what we used to call table wine - today only called wine - and "below" DOC or DOP wine.
Today, this designation is so strong that some denominations such as the regional wine of Lisboa, the regional wine of the Alentejo and the regional wine of the Tejo represent superior sales to the DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin).
It is a less restrictive way of being able to produce a wine with a designation of origin.
For example, in an IGP we can have higher yields per hectare and we can use a greater quantity of grape varieties than in DOC wines are not allowed.
In a regional wine we can even blend wine from another region, but only up to an amount of 15%, so that they do not lose their regional character.
These wines - as well as DOC wines - are also certified and controlled by CVRs, regional wine commissions, IVDP in the Douro and IVBAM on the island of Madeira, which give guarantees that the wine complies with the qualitative parameters that express the region.
The characteristics of these wines must be markedly those of each of the regions where they are produced. How is this achieved? I give an example:
A French grape variety, sauvignon blanc, due to its commercial strength, is increasingly spread across Portugal.
This variety can be used to produce regional Alentejo wine, or regional Lisboa wine, or regional Tejo wine, or regional Minho wine or even regional wine from the Douro.
My question for you is: what will be the characteristics of this variety in each of these regions, will they be the same? Of course not.
Although this variety is very striking and distinct, the character of the region will determine its characteristics, while the variety character will remain present.
Buying these wines online has never been easier.
But on any large surface, such as El Corte Inglés, you will find regional wine, either online or physically, on the shelves.
For me, as a winemaker, this appellation is the way to be able to produce foreign grape varieties, within Portugal and with the expression of the terroir where they are grown.
Of course, I want our grape varieties to be the queens of our wines, but my profession “forces me” to experiment.
In this case, experiencing what is good abroad and, of course, experiencing the result inland!
My life is wine