Porto and Douro
The valley of the River Douro and land of the international acclaimed Port Wine. Spreading from where the River Douro defines the borders with Spain on the Northeast of Portugal until the Marão and Montemuro mountains up to approximately 90 Km inland from the Atlantic Ocean. This vine land is crafted by approximately 33.000 farmers and is naturally divided in 3 sub-regions (Lower Corgo, Upper Corgo and Upper Douro).
These sub-regions are climatically quite different from each other. The protection by the Marão and Montemuro mountains from the humid west winds that blow from the Atlantic Ocean changes the climate to Continental more and more as we travel W-E. The soils are acid and of schist. Seldom are found granitic structured ones. The stony schist soils enable water to seep down and at the same time hold the heat from the sun.
Key White Varieties: Gouveio, Viosinho, Rabigato, Códega do Larinho & Códega
Key Red Varieties: Touriga Franca, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Roriz (Aragonês), Touriga Nacional & Sousão