The valley of the River Tejo. The Romans developed the wine cultivation in this area, but it was on the XIII century that the wine production reached its pick. The region was the cellar of Portugal and has always been an area of large wine production.
The River Tejo splits this inland region in 2 parts. To the North stretches until Tomar and to the South ends on the rivers bay. The valley of the widest river in Portugal is divided in 6 sub-regions (Tomar, Santarém, Chamusca, Cartaxo, Almeirim and Coruche).
The proximity and the position related to the river’s mouth characterize each one. The climate is Mediterranean influenced with a rainfall of 500-750mm/year. The Sierras of Aires and Candeeiros protect the south sub-regions from the blowing winds of the Atlantic.
The region is characterize by 3 different types of soils that vary in a very small distance. Near the river banks is found the Campo also called Lezíria that are alluvial rich soils that are flooded each year.
At the foothills of the Sierras of Porto de Mós, Montejunto e Candeeiros the soils are poor, calcareous clay structured and these areas are called Bairro. On the left bank of the river and south of the Campo areas the soils are named Charneca. These are sandy soils with moderate fertility.
Key White Varieties: Fernão Pires, Trincadeira das Pratas, Tália Vital and Arinto
Key Red Varieties: Castelão, Tinta Roriz e Trincadeira